Torah Mosheh 1:

Beresheet / בראשית

Genesis Chapter 18

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Parashah 4: Vayera (He appeared) Beresheet 18:1-22:24

The promise of the seed confirmed by visitation

Avraham, "the Friend of Elohim"

(Yochanan 3:29; 15:13-15)

18:1 (i) And ADONAI (יהוה) appeared to him in the Terebinth of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

18:2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, behold, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,

18:3 And said, My ADONAI* (יהוה), if now I have found favour in Your sight, pass not away, I pray Thee, from Your eved:

18:4 Let a little mayim, I pray you, be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree:

18:5 And I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort you your hearts; after that you shall pass on: for therefore are you come to your eved.

And They said:

So do, as you have said.

18:6 And Avraham hastened into the tent to Sarah (שׂרה), and said:

" Make ready quickly three seahs of fine flour, knead [it], and make cakes upon the hearth.

18:7 And Avraham ran to the herd, and grasping a tender calf and good, and gave [it] to a young man; and he haveed to prepare it.

18:8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had prepared, and set [it] before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

18:9 And they said to him:

"Where [is] Sarah (שׂרה) your wife?

And He said:

"Hinei, in the tent."

18:10 And He said:

I will certainly return to you according to the time of life; and, Behold, Sarah (שׂרה) your wife shall have a son. And Sarah (שׂרה) heard [it] in the tent door, which [was] behind him.

18:11 Now Avraham and Sarah (שׂרה) [were] old [and] well advanced in age; [and] Sarah (שׂרה) had passed the age of childbearing.

18:12 Therefore Sarah (שׂרה) laughed within herself, saying: After I have grown old shall I have pleasure, adoni being old also?

18:13 And ADONAI (יהוה) said to Avraham:

"Wherefore did Sarah (שׂרה) laugh," saying,

"Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?"

18:14 Is any thing too hard for ADONAI (יהוה)?

At the time appointed I will return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah (שׂרה) shall have a son.

18:15 (ii) Then Sarah (שׂרה) denied, saying:

I did not laughed; for she was afraid.

And He said:

No; but you did laugh.

18:16 And the men rose up from thence, and looked toward Sedom: and Avraham went with them to bring them on the way.

18:17 And ADONAI (יהוה) said:

"Shall I hide from Avraham that thing which I do; "

18:18 Seeing that Avraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the eretz shall be blessed in him?

18:19 For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of ADONAI (יהוה), to do tzedakh (righteousness) and mishpat; that ADONAI (יהוה) may bring upon Avraham that which he has spoken of him.

18:20 And ADONAI (יהוה) said:

"Because the cry of Sedom and Amorah is great, and because their sin is very grievous;

18:21 I will go down now, and see whether they have done altogether according to the cry of it, which is come to me; and if not, I will know.

18:22 And the men turned their faces from thence, and went toward Sedom: but Avraham stood yet before ADONAI (יהוה).

18:23 And Avraham approached and said,

"Will You also destroy the righteous with the wicked?"

18:24 Suppose there were fifty righteous within the city:

Will You also destroy and not spare the place for the fifty righteous that [are] therein?

18:25 That be far from you to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from you: Shall not the Judge of all the eretz do right?

18:26 And ADONAI (יהוה) said:

"If I find in Sedom fifty righteous within the city, then I will spare all the place for their sakes."

18:27 And Avraham answered and said:

"Hinei now, I have taken upon me to speak to the Adonay (אדני), which [am but] dust and ashes:"

18:28 Suppose there were five less than the fifty righteous:

Will You destroy all the city for [lack of] five?

And He said:

If I find there forty and five, I will not destroy [it].

18:29 And he spoke to Him yet again, and said,

"Suppose there should be forty found there. "

And He said:

I will not do [it] for forty's sake.

18:30 And he said [to Him]:

Oh let not ADONAI* (יהוה) be angry, and I will speak:

"Suppose thirty should be found there".

And He said:

I will not do [it], if I find thirty there.

18:31 And he said:

Hinei now, I have taken upon me to speak to ADONAI* (יהוה): "Suppose twenty should be found there?"

And He said:

I will not destroy [it] for twenty's sake.

18:32 And he said:

Oh let not ADONAI* (יהוה) be angry, and I will speak yet but this once:

"Suppose ten should be found there."

And He said:

I will not destroy [it] for ten's sake.

18:33 And ADONAI (יהוה) went His way, as soon as He had left communing with Avraham: and Avraham returned to his place.

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Seah = A feminine noun indicating a seah: a measure of flour or grain. An ancient dry measure of flour or grain that was equal to 6.6 dry quarts, 7.7 liquid quarts.

Scripture using seah measurement

Beresheet 18:6 = 3 Seahs of Fine flour

1 Shemuel 25:18 = 5 Seahs of Roasted grain

1 Kings 18:32 = 2 Seahs of Seed

2 Kings 7:1 = A Seahs fine flour; 2 Seahs of barley

2 Kings 7:16 = A Seahs of fine flour; Two Seahs of Barley.

2 Kings 7:18 = 2 Seahs of Barley; A Seahs of Fine flour for shekel              

 

Terebinth (Pistacia terebinthus)- Plains / Oaks also called turpentine tree is a species of Pistacia, native to the Mediterranean region Terebinths are mentioned in three chapters of Beresheet (12:6, 13:18, 14:13) in reference to the places where Avram (later Avraham) camped called Terebinths of Mamre the Amorite.

 

**Adonay (אדני) is one of the 134 places reads as Adonai originally  read as ADONAI (יהוה)

Avraham's intercessory

- 50

- 45

- 40

- 30  

- 20  

- 10

Result only

3 save Lot and two daughter

one became pillar salt (lot's wife who look back)