Torah Mosheh 1:

Beresheet / בראשית

Genesis Chapter 41

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50

Go to Index page

Parashah 10: Mikketz (At the end) 41:1-44:17

Yehudim in the Diaspora read it the tenth Shabbat after Simchat Torah. Generally, it is read on the Shabbat of Chanukah. When Chanukah contains two Shabbatot, it is read on the second. In some years, however, Miketz is read on the Shabbat after Chanukah.

1st Portion | 2nd Portion | 3rd Portion | 4th Portion | 5th Portion | 6th Portion | 7th Portion | Maftir

41:1 (i)

And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Paroh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river.

41:2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured parah (heifer) and fat-fleshed; and they fed in a meadow.

41:3 And, behold, seven other parah (heifer) came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and lean-fleshed; and stood by the [other] parah (heifer) upon the brink of the river.

41:4 And the ill favoured and lean-fleshed parah (heifer) did eat up the seven well favoured and fat parah (heifer). So Paroh awoke.

41:5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good.

41:6 And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them.

41:7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And Paroh awoke, and, behold, [it was] a dream.

41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Mitzrayim, and all the wise men thereof: and Paroh told them his dream; but [there was] none that could interpret them unto Paroh.

41:9 Then spake the chief butler unto Paroh, saying, I do remember my faults this day:

41:10 Paroh was wroth with his avadim, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard's house, [both] me and the chief baker:

41:11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream.

41:12 And [there was] there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret.

41:13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.

41:14 Then Paroh sent and called Yosef (יוסף), and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved [himself], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Paroh.

41:15 (A:ii)

And Paroh said unto Yosef (יוסף), I have dreamed a dream, and [there is] none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of you, [that] you canst understand a dream to interpret it.

41:16 And Yosef (יוסף) answered Paroh, saying:

[It is] not in me:

Elohim (אלהים) shall give Paroh an answer of peace.

41:17 (s:ii)

And Paroh said unto Yosef (יוסף), In my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river:

41:18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven parah (heifer), fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow:

41:19 And, behold, seven other parah (heifer) came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and lean fleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Mitzrayim for badness:

41:20 And the lean and the ill favoured parah (heifer) did eat up the first seven fat parah (heifer):

41:21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them; but they [were] still ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke.

41:22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good:

41:23 And, behold, seven ears, withered, thin, [and] blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them:

41:24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears: and I told [this] unto the magicians; but [there was] none that could declare [it] to me.

41:25 And Yosef (יוסף) said unto Paroh, The dream of Paroh [is] one: Elohim (אלהים) hath shewed Paroh what he [is] about to do.

41:26 The seven good parah (heifer) [are] seven years; and the seven good ears [are] seven years: the dream [is] one.

41:27 And the seven thin and ill favoured parah (heifer) that came up after them [are] seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of ra'av (famine).

41:28 This [is] the thing which I have spoken unto Paroh: What Elohim (אלהים) [is] about to do he sheweth unto Paroh.

41:29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Mitzrayim:

41:30 And there shall arise after them seven years of ra'av (famine); and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Mitzrayim; and the ra'av (famine) shall consume the eretz;

41:31 And the plenty shall not be known in the the land of by reason of that ra'av (famine) following; for it [shall be] very grievous.

41:32 And for that the dream was doubled unto Paroh twice; [it is] because the thing [is] established by Elohim (אלהים), and Elohim (אלהים) will shortly bring it to pass.

41:33 Now therefore let Paroh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Mitzrayim.

41:34 Let Paroh do [this], and let him appoint officers over the the land of, and take up the fifth part of the land of Mitzrayim in the seven plenteous years.

41:35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Paroh, and let them keep food in the cities.

41:36 And that food shall be for store to the the land of against the seven years of ra'av (famine), which shall be in the land of Mitzrayim; that the the land of perish not through the ra'av (famine).

41:37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Paroh, and in the eyes of all his avadim.

41:38 And Paroh said unto his avadim, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Ruach Elohim (אלהים) [is]?

41:39 (iii)

And Paroh said unto Yosef (יוסף), Forasmuch as Elohim (אלהים) hath shewed you all this, [there is] none so discreet and wise as you [art]:

41:40 "You shall be over my house, and according to your command shall all my people shall do homaged: only in the throne I will be greater than you."

41:41 And Paroh said unto Yosef (יוסף):

See, I have set you over all  the land of Mitzrayim.

41:42 And Paroh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Yosef (יוסף)'s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck;

41:43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Mitzrayim.

41:44 And Paroh said unto Yosef (יוסף):

I [am] Paroh, and without you shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Mitzrayim.

41:45 And Paroh called Yosef (יוסף)'s name Zaphnat Pa'neach ; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On. And Yosef (יוסף) went out over [all] the land of Mitzrayim.

41:46 And Yosef (יוסף) [was] thirty years old when he stood before Paroh king of Mitzrayim. And Yosef (יוסף) went out from the presence of Paroh, and went throughout all the land of Mitzrayim.

41:47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls.

41:48 And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Mitzrayim, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which [was] round about every city, laid he up in the same.

41:49 And Yosef (יוסף) gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for [it was] without number.

41:50 And unto Yosef (יוסף) were born two banim before the years of ra'av (famine) came, which Asenath daughter  of Poti-Pherah priest of On bare unto him.

41:51 And Yosef (יוסף) called the name of the firstborn Menasheh : For Elohim (אלהים), [said he], hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father's house.

41:52 And the name of the second called he Efrayim (אפרים): For Elohim (אלהים) hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.

41:53 (iv)

And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Mitzrayim, were ended.

41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Yosef (יוסף) had said: and the dearth was in all eretzs; but in all the land of Mitzrayim there was bread.

41:55 And when all the land of Mitzrayim was famished, the people cried to Paroh for bread: and Paroh said unto all the Mitzrites, Go unto Yosef (יוסף); what he saith to you, do.

41:56 And the ra'av (famine) was over all the face of the earth: And Yosef (יוסף) opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Mitzrites; and the ra'av (famine) waxed sore in the land of Mitzrayim.

41:57 And all countries came into Mitzrayim to Yosef (יוסף) for to buy [corn]; because that the ra'av (famine) was [so] sore in kol ha Aretz.


1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50

Go to Index page

The identity of Paroh. The name of the Paroh of the Yosef story is unknown. Elements of the story have suggested to some a setting in either the Hyksos period (1750-1550 B.C.) or the Amarna Age (fourteenth century B.C.), when large numbers of Semites were either settled in Mitzrayim or mentioned in Mitzrites sources as serving in government positions.

The Hyksos (Egyptian heqa khasewet, "foreign rulers"; Greek Ὑκσώς, Ὑξώς, Arabic: الملوك الرعاة, shepherd kings) were an Asiatic people who took over the eastern Nile Delta during the twelfth dynasty, initiating the Second Intermediate Period of ancient Egypt.

Background stories of  Asenath

Beresheet records nothing more about Asenath, but her story is elaborated in the apocryphal Yosef and Asenath. There, she is a virgin who rejects several worthy suitors in favor of Yosef, but Yosef will not have a pagan for a wife. She locks herself in a tower and rejects her idolatry in favor of Yosef's EL Yehovah, and receives a visit from an angel who accepts her conversion. A ritual involving a honeycomb follows. Bees cover her and sting her lips to remove the false prayers to the pagan gods of her past. Yosef now consents to marry her. She bears him their sons Mennasheh and Efrayim. Paroh's son wants Asenath for himself, however, and with the aid of Yosef's brothers Dan and Gad, he conspires to kill her husband. The loyal brother Benyamin interferes, and Paroh's son is ultimately slain. Asenath forgives the conspirators, and she and Yosef rule over Mitzrayim for 48 years, after which they pass the crown to Paroh's grandson.

Miketz or Mikeitz (מקץ — Hebrew for “at the end,” the second word — and first distinctive word — of the parshah) is the tenth weekly Torah portion (parshah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading.

Verse 8, "dreams," mentioned thirteen times in this chapter

The eldest son of Yosef, Beresheet 41:51; Beresheet 46:20, born 1715-10 B.C.

The names of the two sons Forgetting the wrongs committed against him, Yosef became fruitful.

During Hashem’s dealings with him several things must have been on Yosef’s mind: