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Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 11

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An explanation to love Hashem because of His powerful deeds

11:1 Therefore you shall ahav Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheicha, and shomer his mishmeret (charge), and His chukkot, and His mishpatim, and His mitzvot, alway.

11:2 And know you this day: for [I speak] not with your banim which have not known, and which have not seen the musar (chastisement) of Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheichem, His greatness, His yad chazakah (mighty hand), and his stretched out arm,

11:3 And His otot (miracles), and His ma'asim (acts), which He did in the midst of Mitzrayim to Paroh the melekh of Mitzrayim, and to all his land;

11:4 And what He did to the army of Mitzrayim, to their horses, and to their chariots; how he made the mayim of the Yam Suf to overflow them as they pursued after you, and [how] Adonai (יהוה) has destroyed them to this day;

11:5 And what He did to you in the midbar, until you came into this place;

11:6 And what He did to Datan and Aviram, benai Eliav, ben Reuven: how the land opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and their tents, and every living substance that regel (foot follow step) them, in the midst of all Yisrael:

11:7 But your eyes have seen all the great ma'asim (acts) of Adonai (יהוה) which he did.

Rewards for Obedience (8-32)

11:8 Therefore shall you shomer all the mitzvot which I command you this day, that you may be strong, and go in and yaresh (possess ירשׁ) the land, whither you go to yaresh it;

11:9 And that you may prolong [your] yamin in the land, which Adonai (יהוה) sware to your avot to give to them and to their seed, a land that floweth with milk and honey.

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11:10 (vi)

For the land, into which you are entering to yaresh (possess) it, [is] not as the land of Mitzrayim, from which you came where you used to sow your seed and water it with your foot like a vegetable garden.

11:11 But the land, whither you go to yaresh (possess ירשׁ) it, [is] a land hills and valleys, [and] drinketh mayim of the rain of shamayim:

11:12 A land which Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheicha careth for: the eyes of Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheicha [are] always upon it, from the beginning of the year even to the end of the year.

11:13  וְהָיָה אִם-שָמֹעַ תִּשְמְעוּ אֶל-מִצְוֹתַי אֲשֶר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם הַיּוֹםלְאַהֲבָה אֶת-יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וּלְעָבְדוֹ בְּכׇל-לְבַבְכֶם וּבְכׇל-נַפְשְכֶם׃

Vehayah im-shamoa tishme'u el-mitzvotai asher anochi metzavveh etchem hayom le'ahavah et-Adonai Eloheichem ule'avedo bechol-levavchem uvechol-nafshechem.

And it shall come to pass, if you shall shema diligently to my mitzvot which I command you this day, to love Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheichem, and to serve him with all your lev and with all your nefesh,

11:14 וְנָתַתִּי מְטַר-אַרְצְכֶם בְּעִתּוֹ יוֹרֶה וּמַלְקוֹש וְאָסַפְתָּ דְגָנֶךָ וְתִירֹשְךָוְיִצְהָרֶךָ׃

Venatati metar-'artzechem be'ito yoreh umalkosh ve'asafta deganecha vetiroshecha veyitzharecha.

That I will give [you] the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that you mayest gather in your corn, and your wine, and your oil.

11:15 וְנָתַתִּי עֵשֶׂב בְּשָׂדְךָ לִבְהֶמְתֶּךָ וְאָכַלְתָּ וְשָׂבָעְתָּ׃

Venatati esev besadecha livhemtecha ve'achalta vesava'eta.

And I will give grass in your fields for your cattle, and you shall eat and be satisfied.

11:16 הִשָּמְרוּ לָכֶם פֶּן-יִפְתֶּה לְבַבְכֶם וְסַרְתֶּם וַעֲבַדְתֶּם אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִיםוְהִשְתַּחֲוִיתֶם לָהֶם׃

Hishameru lachem pen-yifteh levavchem vesartem va'avadtem elohim acherim vehishtachavitem lahem.

Take heed to yourselves, that your lev be not deceived, and you turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them;

11:17 וְחָרָה אַף-יְהֹוָה בָּכֶם וְעָצַר אֶת-הַשָּמַיִם וְלֹא-יִהְיֶה מָטָר וְהָאֲדָמָה לֹאתִתֵּן אֶת-יְבוּלָהּ וַאֲבַדְתֶּם מְהֵרָה מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ הַטֹּבָה אֲשֶר יְהֹוָה נֹתֵןלָכֶם׃

Vecharah af-Adonai bachem ve'atzar et-hashamayim velo-yihyeh matar veha'adamah lo titen et-yevulah va'avadtem meherah me'al ha'aretz hatovah asher Adonai noten lachem.

And [then] Adonai's wrath be kindled against you, and he shut up the shamayim, that there be no rain, and that the land yield not her fruit; and [lest] you perish quickly from off the good land which Adonai (יהוה) is giving you.

11:18 וְשַׂמְתֶּם אֶת-דְּבָרַי אֵלֶּה עַל-לְבַבְכֶם וְעַל-נַפְשְכֶם וּקְשַרְתֶּם אֹתָם לְאוֹתעַל-יֶדְכֶם וְהָיוּ לְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם׃

Vesamtem et-devarai elleh al-levavchem ve'al-nafshechem ukeshartem otam le'ot al-yedchem vehayu letotafot bein eineichem.

Therefore shall ye lay up these My words in your heart and in your soul; and ye shall bind them for a sign upon your hand, and they shall be for frontlets between your eyes.

11:19 וְלִמַּדְתֶּם אֹתָם אֶת-בְּנֵיכֶם לְדַבֵּר בָּם בְּשִבְתְּךָ בְּבֵיתֶךָ וּבְלֶכְתְּךָבַדֶּרֶךְ וּבְשָכְבְּךָ וּבְקוּמֶךָ׃

Velimadtem otam et-beneichem ledaber bam beshivtecha beveitecha uvelechtecha vaderech uveshachebecha uvekumecha.

And you shall teach them your children, speaking of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rises up.

11:20 וּכְתַבְתָּם עַל-מְזוּזוֹת בֵּיתֶךָ וּבִשְעָרֶיךָ׃

Uchetavtam al-mezuzot beitecha uvish'areicha.

And you shall write them upon the door-post of your house, and upon your gates:

11:21 לְמַעַן יִרְבּוּ יְמֵיכֶם וִימֵי בְנֵיכֶם עַל הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶר נִשְבַּע יְהֹוָהלַאֲבֹתֵיכֶם לָתֵת לָהֶם כִּימֵי הַשָּמַיִם עַל-הָאָרֶץ׃

Lema'an yirbu yemeichem vimei veneichem al ha'adamah asher nishba Adonai la'avoteichem latet lahem kimei hashamayim al-ha'aretz.

that your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, upon the land which Adonai swore unto your fathers to give them, as the days of the heavens above the earth..

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11:22 (vii & Maftir)

For if you shall diligently shomer all these mitzvot which I command you, to do them, to ahav Adonai  Eloheichem, to halak in all His derek, and to dabak (follow closely cleave) to him;

11:23 Then will Adonai (יהוה) drive out all these nations from before you, and you shall yaresh (possess ירשׁ) greater nations and mightier than yourselves.

11:24 Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the midbar and Levanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even to the uttermost sea shall your coast be.

11:25 There shall no man be able to stand before you: [for] Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheichem shall lay the fear of you and the dread of you upon all the land that you shall tread upon, as he has said to you.

Haftarah Portion 2 of 7th wks of consolation:- Yeshayahu 49:14 - 51:1 - 3

Brit Hadashah Mattityahu 4:1-11; Loukas 4:1-13; Yaakov 5:7-11

Parashah 47:

11:26 (i) The Blessing and the curse

Reeh Anokhi noten lifneikhem hayom berakha ukelalah:

Behold, I set before you this day the blessing and the curse:

11:27 A blessing, if you shama (obey) the mitzvot of Adonai  Eloheichem, which I command you this day:

11:28 And a curse, if you not shama (obey) the mitzvot of Adonai (יהוה) Eloheichem, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which you have not known.

11:29 And it shall come to pass, when Adonai  Eloheicha has brought you in to the land whither you goest to yaresh (possess ירשׁ) it, that you shall put the blessing upon Mount Gerizim, and the curse upon Mount Eival.

11:30 [Are] they not on the other side Yarden, by the way where the sun goeth down, in the land the Kenaanite, which dwell in the champaign over against Gilgal, beside the plains of Moreh?

11:31 For you shall pass over Yarden to go in to yaresh the land which Adonai (יהוה)  Eloheichem giveth you, and you shall yaresh it, and dwell therein.

11:32 And you shall shomer to do all the chukkot and mishpatim which I set before you this day.

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גּרזיםgeriziym : Gerizim = “cuttings off” a mountain in northern Yisrael in Efraym near Shechem from which the blessings were read to the Yisraelites on entering kenaan; site of the Samaritan temple built after the captivity

(Arabic: جبل عيبالHebrew: הר עיבל‎) eybal : Eival = “stone” or “bare mountain”

1) a son of Shobal

2) mountain of cursing, north of Shechem and opposite Mount Gerizim

Shekem (שׁכם) (Συχέμ, Suchém, ἡ Σίκιμα, hē Síkima, τὰ Σίκιμα, tá Síkima,) is situated between Mount Gerizim and Mount Eival two mountains representing good and evil. Those who visit the site will notice the difference between these two mountain, Gerizim seem to have much greener vegetation while Eival is bare and desolate. Both mountain can look at each other. The word Shekem meaning Shoulder or back. It is also the name of the son of Hamor the chieftain of Hivites. The name is a city of Menasheh

Event in Shekem