Torah / תורה / Moshe 5:

Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 29

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Moshe' THIRD DISCOURSE—COVENANT FOR THE LAND (Chaps. 29, 30)

An appeal for covenantal obedience

29:1 (28:69) These [are] the Deverei (words) ha Brit, which ADONAI (יהוה) tzavah (commanded) Moshe to make with the benai Yisrael in the land Mo'av, besides the Brit which He made with them in Horev.

29:2 (vii) (29:1)

And Moshe called to all Yisrael, and said to them, You have seen all that ADONAI (יהוה) did before your eyes in the land Mitzrayim to Paroh, and to all his avadim, and to all his land;

29:3 (29:2) The massot ha gedolot (great testing) which your eyes have seen, the signs, and those mofetim hagedolim (great miracles):

29:4 (29:3) Yet ADONAI (יהוה) has not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, to this day.

29:5 (29:4) And I have led you Arba'im (forty) years in the wilderness: your clothes have not worn out on you , and your sandal has not worn on your foot.

29:6 (29:5) You have not eaten lechem, neither have you drunk wine or strong drink: that you might know that ANI ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha.

29:7 (29:6) (Maftir)

And when you came to this place, Sihon the king of Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, came out against us to battle, and we smote them:

29:8 (29:7) And we took their land, and gave it for an inheritance to the Reuvenites, and to the Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasseh.

29:9 (29:8) Shomer therefore the divrei ha BRIT hazot, and do them, that you may prosper in all that you do.

Parashah 51 : Nitzavim (standing) 29:9 - 30:20 נצבים

In regular years, read with parsha 52 Yeshayahu 61:1-63:9 Romans 9:30-10-10:13

29:10 (29:9)You stand today all of you before ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu:

29:12 (29:11)That you should enter into Brit with ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, and into His oath, which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha makes with you this day:

29:13 (29:12)(LY:ii)

That He may establish you to day for a people to Himself, and [that] He may be to you a Elohim (אלהים), as he has said to you, and as he has sworn to your avot, to Avraham, to Yitzchak, and to Yaakov.

29:14 (29:13) Neither with you only do I make this Brit and this oath;

29:15 (29:14) But with [him] that stands here with us this day before ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu, and also with [him] that [is] not here with us this day:

29:16 (29:15) (LY:iii)

(For you know how we have dwelt in the land Mitzrayim; and how we came through the nations which you passed by;

29:17 (29:16) And you have seen their to'avot, and their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, which [were] among them:)

29:18 (29:17) Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turns away this day from ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu, to go [and] serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that bears gall and la'anah (לענה wormwood, bitterness);

29:19 (29:18) And it come to pass, when he hears the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his lev, saying, I shall have shalom (שׁלום), though I walk in the imagination of my heart, to add drunkenness to thirst:

29:20 (29:19) ADONAI (יהוה) will not spare him, but then the anger of ADONAI (יהוה) and his jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and ADONAI (יהוה) shall blot out his name from under shamayim.

29:21 (29:20) And ADONAI (יהוה) shall separate him to evil out of all the tribes of Yisrael, according to all the curses of the Brit that are written in this sefer ha Torah:

29:22 (29:21) So that the generation to come of your children that shall rise up after you, and the stranger that shall come from a far land, shall say, when they see the plagues of that land, and the sicknesses which ADONAI (יהוה) has laid upon it;

Admah and Tzevoyim both closely same place - goy king of Zeboiim Gen 10:19, Gen 14:2, Gen 14:8, Deut 29:23, Hos 11:8 valley of Tzevoyim 1 Sam 13:18

Tzevoyim, Zeboiim, Admah 

29:23 (29:22) [And that] the whole land thereof [is] brimstone, and salt, [and] burning, [that] it is not sown, nor bears, nor any grass grows therein, like the overthrow of Sedom, and Emorah, Admah, and Zeboim, which ADONAI (יהוה) overthrew in His aph (anger), and in His chemah (wrath):

29:24 (29:23) Even all nations shall say:

bullet02_red.gif"Wherefore has ADONAI (יהוה) done thus to this land?"

bullet02_red.gif"What [means] the heat of this great anger?"

29:25 (29:24)Then men shall say:

Because they have forsaken the Brit of ADONAI (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of their avot, which He made with them when He brought them forth out of the land Mitzrayim:

29:26 (29:25) For they went and served other gods, and worshipped them, gods whom they knew not, and [whom] he had not given to them:

29:27 (29:26) And the anger of ADONAI (יהוה) was kindled against this land, to bring upon it all the curses that are written in this book:

29:28 (29:27) And ADONAI (יהוה) rooted them out of their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as [it is] this day.

29:29 (29:28)

Ha nistarot la ADONAI Eloheinu vehaniglot lanu ulevaneinu ad-olam laasot et-kol-divrei haTorah hazot:

"The secret things belong to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu:

aniblue08_next.gif but those things which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever,

aniblue08_next.gif that we may do all the words of this Torah.


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Now if the Covenant at Mo'av is the New Covenant, then the Covenant at Sinai is an "Old Covenant". Both the Old Covenant and the New Covenant are in the Torah. But this "New Covenant" is Torah based, as the Covenant itself states "…you shall obey to the voice of ADONAI your Elohim, to keep His commandments and His statutes which are written in this Book of the Torah…" (Deut. 30:10). This New Covenant is an "everlasting covenant" (Jer. 32:40) which gives us "life" (Deut. 30:6, 15, 19). An everlasting covenant which gives life, must by implication, give "everlasting life".

Hashem's Standing order for people ranking in Community

 אלהיכם יהוה- ADONAI Eloheichem - Adonay your God

ראשׁיכם - Rasheichem - Your leaders

שׁבטיכם - Shivteichem - your tribes

זקניכם - Zikneichem - Your elders

שׁטריכם- shotreichem - your officers

ישׂראל׃  אישׁ - Ish Yisrael - Man of Israel

טפכם -Tapechem - Your little ones

נשׁיכם  -Necheichem -Your wives

גרך - Gerecha - your strangers

 

בברית - bivrit - Covenant - הברית Ha Berit the covenant

 ובאלתו - uve'alato - and into his oath

היום - hayom - today