Remorseful (Realization - awareness) When one being convicted of sin in his contrite remorseful heart, rueful, ruthful, sorry; regret, feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offense.
Repentance (in Action) - Teshuvah, Nacham, Metanoeo, Metamelomi and epitrepho, by the Blood of Yeshua to receive forgiveness of sins.
Teshuvah (shuva) This term is found over 1,000 times in the Tenakh, and in the vast majority of its uses refers to a literal change of direction. However, in more than 200 occurrences it refers to Israel or Elohim turning toward or away from one another. The modern idea of repentance is found in turning away from idolatry (cf. Dvarim 4:30; 1 Shemuel 7:3; 1 Kgs 13:33; 2 Melekhim 5:13; 23:25; 2 Chr 7:14, 19; 15:4; 30:6, 9; 36:13; Yeshayahu 31:6; Jer 3:1,7,10,12,14,19,22; 4:1; 8:4,5; 18:8,11; 25:5; 26:3; 35:15; 36:3, 7; 44:5; Ezek 14:6; and Hos 3:5; 5:4; 6:1; 11:5; 14:1,2,4) and from cold-hearted disobedience (cf. Deut 30:2,10; 1 Kgs 8:33,35,47,48; 2 Chr 6:24,26,37,38; Neh 1:9; 9:26,29,35; Job 22:23; 36:10; Ps 7:12; 51:13; Jer 5:3; 15:7; 23:14; 34:16; Dan 9:13; Amos 4:6,8,-11; Yonah 3:8, 10)
Nâcham This term is found over 100 times in the Tenakh and means to be sorry, or to pity or console oneself. In three of those occurences it is referring to teshuvah.(cf. Job 42:6; Jer 8:6; 31:19);
Metanoe¨ - Greek - literally means "to change one¡¯s mind or purpose, to repent. - Theopedia is an action in change of mind, turn away from sin, return to Hashem (cf. Mat 3:2; 4:17; 11:20,21; 12:41; Mar 1:15; 6:12; 10:13; 11:32; 13:3,:5; 15:7,10; 16:30; 17:3,4; Act 2:38; 3:19; 8:22; 17:30; 26:20; 2Co 12:21; Rev 2:5,16,21,22; 3:3,19; 9:20,21; 16:9,11)
Metamelom¨© This term carries a more emotional implication and literally means "to feel repentance, to rue, regret." In four of the five New Testament occurrences, the ESV translates it as "change(d) his/their mind(s)". From this same root comes the noun metamelos: "repentance, regret" (Liddell, 503). (cf. Mat 21:29,32; 27:3; 2 Cor 7:8; Heb 7:21)
Epistreph¨ Although never translated as "repentance", this word furthers the understanding of God's clear command for a change of mind, a heartfelt sorrow for sin, and a turning from sin. It means "to turn about, turn round; to return; to run towards; to correct, make to repent; to turn oneself round, turn about; constantly turning" (Liddell, 302). This is a change of the will. This is decidedly turning from sin and the ways of sin to follow the ways of Christ. (cf. Mat 13:15; Mar 4:12; Luk 1:16,17; 17:4; 22:32; Joh 12:40; Act 3:19; 9:35; 11:21; 14:15; 15:19; 26:18; 26:20; 28:27; 2Co 3:16; Gal 4:9; 1Th 1:9; Jam 5:19,20; 1Pe 2:25; 2Pe 2:21)
Restitution (being practical true witness) YHWH Elohim is fair and righteous Judge. All man's wrong doing must be corrected , chastise, recompensate and restored.The act of restoring to the rightful owner something that has been taken away, lost, or surrendered. A return to or restoration of a previous state or position. Many believer are not taught that is Elohim's principle to restoration of a previous state and add 1/5 of what have been loss base on Torah principle. Many believers have wrong concept about salvation, one assuming forgiveness covers restitution so no action is done that is not the case. YHWH Elohim demands us to settle all restitution before full restoration can take place. Many believer chose to get away with by Keeping silent, sweep under the carpet, do nothing about the wrongs. Blessed is a man who settle all his restitution before give up his spirit for in that Day of judgment who can bare the Shame, regrets and disappointment.
Restoration (complete Salvation) Believers are free from all guilty conscience when turn away from evil and recompensate all wrong doing. Restoration is to bring back to fellowship with YHWH Elohim through the Atoning blood of Yeshua.
Torah Truth-Seeker Messianic resources