15. AVOT V'LMAHOT אָבוֹת וְאִמָּהוֹת

בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵֽינוּ  וֵאלֹהֵי אֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ [וְאִמוֹתֵינוּ], אֱלֹהֵי

Baruch Atah, HASHEM (ADONAI) Eloheinu v’Elohei avoteinu v’imoteinu,

אַבְרָהָם, אֱלֹהֵי יִצְחָק וֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב,

Elohei Avraham, Elohei Yitzchak v’Elohei Yaakov,

אֱלֹהֵי שָׂרָה, אֱלֹהֵי רִבְקָה, אֱלֹהֵי   רָחֵל וֵאלֹהֵי לֵאָה. הָאֵל הַגָּדוֹל,

Elohei Sarah, Elohei Rivkah, Elohei Leah v'Elohei Rachel. Ha-El hagadol

הַגִּבּוֹר וְהַנּוֹרָא, אֵל עֶלְיוֹן, גּוֹמֵל  חֲסָדִים טוֹבִים, וְקוֹנֵה הַכֹּל, וְזוֹכֵר

hagibor v’hanora, El elyon, gomeil chasadim tovim, v’koneih hakol, v’zocheir

חַסְדֵי אָבוֹת [וְאִמָּהוֹת], וּמֵבִיא גּוֹאֵל   [גְּאֻלָּה]  לִבְנֵי בְנֵיהֶם לְמַעַן שְׁמוֹ בְּאַהֲבָה.

chasdei avot v’imahot, umeivi g’ulah liv’nei v’neihem l’maan sh’mo b’ahavah.

מֶֽלֶךְ עוֹזֵר [וּפוֹקד]  וּמוֹשִֽׁיעַ וּמָגֵן.

Melech ozeir umoshia umagen.

 בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ,  מָגֵן אַבְרָהָם [וְעֶזְרַת|וּפוֹקד שָׂרָה].

Baruch Atah, HASHEM (ADONAI), magein Avraham v’ezrat Sarah.


Zochreinu l’chayim, Melech chafeitz bachayim, v’chotveinu b’sefer hachayim,

l’maancha Elohim chayim.

Blessed are You, HASHEM (ADONAI) our G-d, G-d of our fathers and mothers, G-d

of Abraham, G-d of Isaac, and G-d of Jacob, G-d of Sarah, G-d of Rebecca, G-d of

Leah, and G-d of Rachel, the great, mighty and awesome G-d, transcendent G-d

who bestows lovingkindness, creates everything out of love, remembers the love of

our fathers and mothers, and brings redemption to their children’s children for the

sake of the Divine Name.

Sovereign, Deliverer, Helper and Shield,

Blessed are You, HASHEM (ADONAI), Abraham's Shield

and Sarah’s Helper.


Remember us for life, O Sovereign who delights in life, and inscribe us in the Book

of Life, for Your sake, Living G-d.



The Avot (forefathers) instituted the three daily prayers:

Standard Conservative prayer books provide the option to add the word "ufoked" ("and remembering") into the phrase "melech ozer umosheea umagen," and then provide the option to add the phrase "ufoked Sarah" ("Rememberer of Sarah") to the end of the blessing. This echoes the Biblical verse "Adonai pakad et Sarah ka'asher amar, ve'ya'as Adonai le'Sarah ka'asher diber." (Genesis 21:1 - "The Lord Remembered (pakad) Sarah as the Lord had spoken, and did to Sarah as the Lord had said.") The Reform movement adds "ve'ezrat Sarah" (Helper of Sarah) after "magen Avraham."

The Reform prayer book adds the word "imahot" ("matriarchs"/"foremothers") wherever the blessing says "avot." Avot literally means "fathers"/"forefathers"/"patriarchs" but in context means "ancestors," since there is no gender neutral word in Hebrew for "ancestors." (E.g. "beit avot" = cemetery for both males and females.) The new Conservative prayer book, Lev Shalem, also adds the word "imahot" in brackets following the word "avot."

The Reform movement substitutes the word "geulah" ("redemption") for the word "goel" ("redeemer"), in order to not include a reference to a messiah.

Melech ozeir u'moshia u'magen.

Baruch Atah HASHEM (ADONAI) , magein Avraham
has prophetic significant of the four Exile of Yisrael also refer to Gen1:2 four words Tohu, Vohu, Chosheh, Tehom
Mem - Media - Persia, chaos vohu

Beit (veit) - Bavel, Babylonian, destruction of the Temple - save the lives of Israel, Tohu

Yud - Yavan - Greek  - Darkness, forbid observant, practice of Torah, Assimilation

Alef - Edom - Rome, the exile of Edom spiritual exile - redeem by Mashiach