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Things offered to idols
8:1 Now as touching things offered to idols, we know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies.
8:2 And if any man think that he knows any thing, he knows nothing yet as he ought to know.
8:3 But if any man love Elohim (אלהים), the same is known of him.
8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the olam hazeh, and that [there is] none other Elohim (אלהים) but one.
8:5 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and masters many,)
8:6 But to us [there is but] ONE Elohim (אלהים), ha AVI, of whom [are] all things, and we in him; and ONE Adonay Yehoshua (יהושע) Mashiach, by whom [are] all things, and we by him.
8:7 However [there is] not in every man that knowledge: for some with conscience of the idol to this hour eat [it] as a thing offered to an idol; and their conscience being weak is defiled.
8:8 But food commends us not to Elohim (אלהים): for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse.
8:9 But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to them that are weak.
8:10 For if any man see thee which hast knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the conscience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols;
8:11 And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Mashiach died?
8:12 But when you sin so against the achim, and wound their weak conscience, you sin against Mashiach.
8:13 Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the olam hazeh stands, lest I make my brother to offend.
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by whom all things Paulos is applying the Shema of Devarim 6:4 'Hear, O Israel: YEHOVAH our Elohim is one YEHOVAH.' Paulos has used the key phrase 'one Adonay' and applied it to Yehoshua Ha Mashiach, thus including Yehoshua in the divine identity! Also, phrases like 'of' or 'by whom all things' are typical Jewish formulations that express Elohim's relationship to creation. This is in line with the Jewish concept of Wisdom, Elohim's attribute, as Elohim's tool for creation. Yet this still retains monotheism by including Yehoshua (יהושע) within the divine identity.