Torah Mosheh 1:

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Genesis Chapter 4

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50

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The Advance of Sin in Kayin’s Murder of Hevel

Minchah offering - Tribute

4:1 And Adam knew Havah (חוּה) his wife; and she conceived, and bare Kayin (קין), and said, kaniti (I have acquired) a ish (man) from YHWH (יְהוָֹה).

4:2 And she again bare his brother Hevel (breath הבל). And Hevel was a ro'eh tzon (keeper of sheep), but Kayin (קין) was a oved adamah (tiller of ground).

4:3 And in the ketz (end) Yamin (days) it came to pass, that Kayin brought p'ri (fruit) ha adamah (ground) a minchah (gift) to YHWH (יְהוָֹה).(spirit of Kayin describe in James 4:13)

4:4 And Hevel (vapour, vanishes), he also brought of the bechorot (firstlings) of his flock(sheep,goat, cattles) and of the chevel (fat) thereof.

And YHWH (יְהוָֹה) had respect to Hevel and to his minchah (gift): (spirit of Hevel describe Yaakov 4:14)

4:5 But to Kayin (acquire) and to his minchah (gift) he had not respect.

And Kayin was very wroth, and his countenance fell.


And YHWH (יהוה) said to Kayin:

Why art you wroth ? and

why is your countenance fallen?

4:7הֲלוֹא אִם-תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָתְּשוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָל-בּוֹ׃

Halo im-teitiv se'et ve'im lo teitiv lapetach chatat rovetz ve'eleicha teshukato ve'atah timshal-bo.

If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. And its desire is for you, but you must master it."

4:8 And Kayin (קין) talked with Hevel (breath הבל) his brother:"Let us go to the field" and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Kayin rose up against Hevel his brother, and slew him. (James 1:12-15 sin bring death)

4:9 And YHWH (יהוה) said to Kayin:

Ay (where) [is] Hevel achi cha (your brother)? ve (And) yomer lo yada ti(I know not): ha shomer achi (brother's keeper) anokiy (I)?

4:10 וַיֹּ֖אמֶר מֶ֣ה עָשִׂ֑יתָ ק֚וֹל דְּמֵ֣י אָחִ֔יךָ צֹעֲקִ֥ים אֵלַ֖י מִן־הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃

Vayomer meh asita; kol demei achicha, tzo'akim elai min-ha'adamah.

He said, “What have thou done? The voice of thy brother’s bloods  cries to Me from the ground.

4:11 וְעַתָּ֖ה אָר֣וּר אָ֑תָּה מִן־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר פָּצְתָ֣ה אֶת־פִּ֔יהָ לָקַ֛חַת אֶת־דְּמֵ֥י אָחִ֖יךָ מִיָּדֶֽךָ׃

Ve'atah arur atah; min-ha'adamah asher patzetah et-piha, lakachat et-demei achicha miyadecha.

Now thou are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive thy brother’s bloods from your hand.

4:12 When you cultivate the ground, it shall not yield to thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shall thou be on earth.”

4:13 And Kayin said to YHWH (יְהוָֹה)

My punishment [is] greater than I can bear.

4:14 See, you hast driven me out this day from the face of ha adamah; and from your face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in ha Eretz; and it shall come to pass, [that] every one that finds me shall slay me.

4:15 And YHWH (יהוה) said to him:

Therefore whosoever slays Kayin, vengeance shall be taken on him shivatayim (seven times).

And YHWH (יְהוָֹה) set a mark upon Kayin, lest any finding him should kill him.

Kayin exile and departed from Hashem and his family

4:16 And Kayin yatza (went out exile, יצא) from the presence of YHWH (יְהוָֹה), and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

4:17 And Kayin knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Chanokh (Enoch).

4:18 And to Chanokh (Enoch)was born Irad: and Irad begat Mechuya'el: and Mechuya'el begat Metusha'el: and Metusha'el begat Lemekh.

4:19 (S:v) And Lemekh took to him two wives: the name of the one [was] Adah, and the name of the other Tzilah.

4:20 And Adah bare Yaval: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and [of such as have] cattle.

4:21 And his brother's name [was] Yuval: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

4:22 And Tzilah, she also bare Tuval-Kayin, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tuval-Kayin [was] Na'amah.

4:23 And Lemekh said to his wives, Adah and Tzilah, Hear my voice; you wives of Lemekh, hearken to my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt.

4:24 If Kayin shall be avenged shivatayim (sevenfold שׁבעתים), truly Lemekh seventy and shivatayim .

4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Shet: For Elohim (אלהים), [said she], have appointed me another seed instead of Hevel , whom Kayin slew.

4:26 And to Shet, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enosh (אנושׁ): then began men to call upon the Name YHWH (יְהוָֹה).

1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50

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Cain and Abel

Five question that Hashem asked Kain

Minchah (H4503) - gift offering, require to bring first fruit, best of what we have, an act of honoring or tribute to Elohim as the source of provider, and all thing belongs to Him.

Both Kayin (Cain) and Hevel (Abel) each suppose to gift to Elohim the best that they have.

At first when I began to read the Hebrew word for offering, I was wondering why was the minchah  mention in this chapter. I expected it to be Chattat or olah has to be offered first then the grain offering.

In Christian view I have always understood as Hevel (Abel) offered the lamb which is the blood sacrifice sighted to be reason for Hashem's acceptance of Hevel's sacrifice  I have no doubt about this for Hashem why He was pleased with the offering, while Kayin (Cain) offered a bloodless sacrifice taken from the ground which was cursed.

However  as a new believer during my young days I can't help but have the tendency to have natural response that Hashem is being "unfair". To understand the context of this scenario is that we have to look at the Keyword  the "firstling" in vs 4 fellowship or tribute or thanksgiving offering is about giving  the best of what you have to Hashem. So the word "offering" in English word is not sin offering but a tribute or minchah  or fellowship offering.

In Hebrew 11:4 describe as "a more excellent sacrifice" view as the blood sacrifice and it is firstling of his Hevel's tribute gift.. So in this chapter is  that Kayin did not offer his "firstling"  of his minchah (tribute) to Hashem. Kayin (Cain H7014) name meaning "acquire"   vs 1 (complete word study of NASB explains) a sense of  a "Want" Jude 1:11 referred to as "greedily" as form of wicked one (Kayin; Balaam).  while Korach covet the leadership lead to rebellion

Also we can see another Woe example is the fate of Chananyah (Ananias) and Sapphira Acts 5:1-11. The Kayin spirit has sneaked into the Assembly and both lie to the Ruach HaKodesh due to their greed.

The sin of greed and coveteousness leads to another sin such as murder, anger, lie, Jealousy.

Door - Dalet, a symbol of poor and lowly, it is a spirit of humility.

Lifted up or acceptance, elevated, able to come close to fellowship, able to draw near to HaShem

Other reference about Kayin (קין)

Heb 11:4 By faith Hevel (הבל) offered to Elohim (אלהים) a more excellent sacrifice than Kayin (קין), by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, Elohim (אלהים) testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh .
1 Yochanan 3:12Not as Kayin (קין), who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore * * slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
Jude 1:11Woe to them! for they have gone in the way of Kayin (קין), and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.