Torah Mosheh 1:

Beresheet / בראשית

Genesis Chapter 10

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10:1 Now these [are] the toldot (generations) benai Noach, Shem, Ham, and Yephet: and to them were sons born after the flood.

10:2 Benai Yephet; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Yavan, and Tuval, and Meshekh, and Tiras.

10:3 And benai Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphat, and Togarmah.

10:4 And benai Yavan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

10:5 By these were the isles of the Goyim divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.


10:6 And the sons of Ham; Kush, and Mitzrayim, and Put, and Kena'an.

10:7 And benai Kush; Seva, and Havilah, and Savtah, and Ra'amah, and Savtekha: and benai Raamah; Sheva, and Dedan.

10:8 And Kush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the eretz.

10:9 He was a mighty hunter before YHWH (יהוה): wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before YHWH (יהוה).

10:10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Bavel, and Erech, and Akkad, and Kalneh, in eretz Shinar.

10:11 Out of that land went forth Ashur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rechovot, and Kalach,

10:12 And Resen between Nineveh and Kalach: the same [is] a great city.

10:13 And Mitzrayim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

Ten Kena'an Nations

10:14 And Pathrusim, and Kasluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

10:15 And Kena'an begat Sidon his bachor, and Het,

10:16 And the Yevusite, and the Emori, and the Girgasite,

10:17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

10:18 And the Arvadite, and the Tzemari, and the Hamati: and afterward were the families of the Kenaanites spread abroad.

10:19 And the border of the Kena'anites was from Sidon, as you comest to Gerar, to Gaza; as you goest, to Sedom, and Amorah, and Admah, and Zeboyim, even to Lasha.

10:20 These [are] benai Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, [and] in their nations.

10:21 וּלְשֵׁ֥ם יֻלַּ֖ד גַּם־ה֑וּא אֲבִי֙ כָּל־בְּנֵי־עֵ֔בֶר אֲחִ֖י יֶ֥פֶת הַגָּדֽוֹל׃

UleShem yullad gam-hu; avi kol-benei-'eEver, achi Yefet hagadol.

And to Shem, the father of all the children of Ever, the elder brother of Yefer to him also were children born.

10:22 The children of Shem:

Elam?, and Asshur, and Arpakshad (ארפּכשׁד) , and Lud, and Aram.

10:23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Geter, and Mash (Meshech).

10:24 And Arpakshad (ארפּכשׁד) begat Shelach; and Shelach begat Ever.

10:25 And to Ever were born two benai: the name of one [was] Peleg; for in his days was the eretz divided; and his brother's name [was] Yoktan.

10:26 And Yoktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazar-Maveth, and Yerach,

10:27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,

10:28 And Oval, and Avima'el, and Sheva,

10:29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Yovav: all these [were] benai Yoktan.

10:30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as you goes to Sephar a mount of the east.

10:31 These [are] benai Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

10:32 These [are] the families of benai Noach, after their toldot, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the eretz after the flood.

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Nimrod : The name means "One who stirred up rebellion" so that people no longer trusted God but their own power. Nimrod was defiant of the very Hashem he knew as his Sovereign.According to Midrash [66] that Nimrod was responsible for the building the The Tower of Babel , it is call the etemenanki - it is ziggurat, house of foundation of heaven and earth. He wanted it to be his throne so that divine honors would be accorde...d him. Many of the ancient monument around the world has trace Nimrod's babylon temple

Map of the Ten Nations and Ancient Middle East

click on image mapping for a close up view

Map of the Territory of Ancient Palestine

מגוג Magog . “land of Gog,” a son of Yapheth, also his desc. and their land: - Magog .

כּנעןKenaan  a son of Ham, also his desc. and their land W. of the Yardan: - Canaan .

Ludim is the Hebrew term for Lydia used in Jeremiah and Ezekiel. In the Biblical Table of Nations they were said to descend from Lud, son of Shem, son of Noach.

Casluhim, according to Genesis 10:14, were descendants of Mizraim (Egypt) son of Ham, out of whom originated the Philistines.

Egypt was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites, In our English Bible the word Egypt in Hebrew Mitzrayim; The English name Egypt is derived from the ancient Greek Aígyptos (Αἴγυπτος) Aígyptos (Αἴγυπτος) evolved as a compound from Aigaiou huptiōs (Aἰγαίου ὑπτίως), meaning "below the Aegean".  The Earlier Egyptian name Hwt-ka-Ptah meaning "home of the ka (soul) of Ptah", the name of a temple to the god Ptah at Memphis. The Ancient Egyptian name is Kemet which means "black land", referring to the fertile black soils of the Nile flood plains.

Egypt was first mention Gen 12:10 where Avraham went to Egypt when there was a famine. However under the genealogy of Egypt it use the Hebrew name spell as Mizraim son of Ham genealogy on the following verses Gen 10:6, 13; 1 Chronicles 1:8, 11.

The name for "Egypt" in Hebrew is "Mitzrayim" literally meaning "the two straits" (a reference to the dynastic separation of upper and lower Egypt). also which is from the Hebrew word "metzar" meaning "narrow," or "constriction." Egypt was the ultimate place of constriction. No slave had ever escaped from there, let alone an entire nation.;

Hivite - first occurs in Beresheet 10:17 Hivite = "villagers from the root word Chavvah - village, town, tent village. They are the "6th generation of descendants of Kenaan, the son of Ham, who were living in northern Kenaan near Mount Hermon at the time of the conquest in Beresheet 34:2 Shekhem Ben Chamor ha Chivviy. In this Chapter 36 Esav marries Anah Bat Ziveon ha Chivviy (Hivite) they were the nation among which Israel instructed to utterly destroy them.

Ashkenaz is Gomer's first son (Gen. 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6) and is believed by some to be the ancestor of the Germanic, Scandinavian and Russian peoples. One reason people believe this is that Ashkenaz's father is Gomer who is associated with the Frank and Germanic tribes due to his name.

Ashkenazi Jews, also known as Ashkenazic Jews or Ashkenazim (Standard Hebrew: sing. אַשְׁכֲּנָזִי, pl. אַשְׁכֲּנָזִים; pronounced sing. [ˌaʃkəˈnazi] pl. [ˌaʃkəˈnazim], not with [ʦ] as in Tzar; also יְהוּדֵי אַשְׁכֲּנָז Yehudei Ashkenaz, "the Jews of Ashkenaz"), are descended from the medieval Jewish communities of the Rhineland, "Ashkenaz" being the Medieval Hebrew name for Germany.Ashkenazi Jewish family raises her children to be Ashkenazi Jews, and a gentile who converts to Judaism and takes on Ashkenazi religious practices becomes an Ashkenazi Jew. In a cultural sense, an Ashkenazi Jew can be identified by the concept of Yiddishkeit, a word that literally means “Jewishness” in the Yiddish language.

goblebook30.gif  Mystery Babylon the Great

Ever (עֵבֶר, is an ancestor of the Yisraelites, according to the "Table of Nations" in Beresheet 10-11, 1 Chronicles 1. He was a great-grandson of Noach's son Shem and the father of Peleg born when Ever was 34 years old, and of Yoktan. He was the son of Shelah a distant ancestor of Abvraham. According to the Tenakh, Shelah died at the age of 464 (Beresheet 11:14-17) when Yaakov was 20.

In Jewish tradition, Ever, the great-grandson of Shem, refused to help with the building of the Tower of Babel, so his language was not confused when it was abandoned. He and his family alone retained the original human language. Ever is sometimes identified with the prophet Hud of Islamic sources 11th chapter of the Quran AD.

Map of the nations of Canaan before the Israelite invasions.