Torah Mosheh 1:

Beresheet / בראשית

Genesis Chapter 21

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21:1 And ADONAI (יהוה)visited Sarah as he had said, and ADONAI (יהוה) did to Sarah as he had spoken.

21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bore Avraham a son in his old age, at the moed (set time) of which Elohim (אלהים) had spoken to him.

21:3 And Avraham called the name of his son that was born to him, whom Sarah bare to him, Yitzchak (יצחק).

21:4 And Avraham circumcised his son Yitzchak (יצחק) when he was eight days old, as Elohim (אלהים) had commanded him.

21:5 (v) And Avraham was one hundred years old, when his son Yitzchak (יצחק) was born to him.

21:6 And Sarah said:

"Elohim (אלהים) has made me to laugh, [so that] all that hear will laugh with me."

21:7 And she said:

"Who would have said to Avraham, that Sarah should have given children suck?"

For I have born [him] a son in his old age.

21:8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Avraham made a great feast the [same] day that Yitzchak (יצחק) was weaned.

21:9

vatere Sarah et-ben-Hagar haMitzrit asher-yaldah leAvraham metzachek:

And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had born to Avraham, scoffing.

21:10 Wherefore she said to Avraham:

"Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, [even] with Yitzchak (יצחק)."

21:11 And the thing was very grievous in Avraham's sight because of his son.

21:12 And Elohim (אלהים) said to Avraham:

Let it not be grievous in your sight because of the lad, and because of your bondwoman; in all that Sarah has said to you, listen to her voice; for in Yitz'chak (יצחק) shall your zera (descendants) be called.

21:13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he [is] your zera (descendants).

21:14 And Avraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a skin of water, and gave [it] to Hagar (הגר), putting [it] on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Be'er Sheva (בּאר שׁבע).

21:15 And the water in the skin was used up, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs.

21:16 And she went, and sat her down over against [him] a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said:

"Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against [him], and lift up her voice, and wept."

21:17 And Elohim (אלהים) heard the voice of the lad; and the malak (מלאך) Elohim (אלהים) called to Hagar (הגר) out of heaven, and said to her, What aileth you, Hagar (הגר)? Fear not; for Elohim (אלהים) has heard the voice of the lad where he [is].

21:18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in your hand; for I will make him a great nation.

21:19 And Elohim (אלהים) opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the skin with water, and gave the lad drink.

21:20 And Elohim (אלהים) was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelled in the wilderness, and became an archer.

21:21 And he dwelled in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of eretz Mitzrayim.

21:22(vi) And it came to pass at that time, that Avi-Melekh and Pikhol the chief captain of his host spoke to Avraham, saying, Elohim (אלהים) [is] with you in all that you does:

21:23 Now therefore swear to me here by Elohim (אלהים) that you will not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: [but] according to the kindness that I have done to you, you shall do to me, and to the land wherein you have sojourned.

21:24 And Avraham said, I will swear.

21:25 And Avraham reproved Avi-Melekh because of a well of water, which Avi-Melekh's avadim had violently taken away.

21:26 And Avi-Melekh said, I wot not who has done this thing: neither did you tell me, neither yet heard I [of it], but to day.

21:27 And Avraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them to Avi-Melekh; and both of them made a Brit.

21:28 And Avraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves.

21:29 And Avi-Melekh said to Avraham:

What [mean] these seven ewe lambs which you have set by themselves?

21:30 And he said:

For [these] seven ewe lambs shall you take of my hand, that they may be a witness to me, that I have digged this well.

21:31 Wherefore he called that place Be'er Sheva (בּאר שׁבע); because there they sware both of them.

21:32 Thus they made a covenant at Be'er Sheva (בּאר שׁבע): then Avi-Melekh rose up, and Pikhol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into eretz the Pelishti.

21:33 And [Avraham] planted a grove in Beer Sheva (בּאר שׁבע), and called there on the Name of ADONAI (יהוה), the everlasting Elohim (אלהים).

21:34 And Avraham sojourned in the Pelishti' land many days.

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Yishmael and Yitzchak laugh

The Hebrew word mitzachek comes from the root word tzechok, "laughter but mitzchek connotes a specific type of laughter: it means mocking. Mocking implies that the object of mocking is not to be taken seriously because it is inferior. There are two ways to mock:

Sarah saw the son of Hagar, the Egyptian, whom she had born to Avraham, mocking (mitzachek)

Rashi explains that Yishmael mocked the world, engaging in idol worship, forbidden relations, and murder. The laughter of Yishmael was the laughter of disdain.

Sarah was motivated by Yishmael's sexually frivolous ways because of the reference to his "making merry" (Gen. 21:9), a translation of the Hebrew word "Mitzachek".

This was developed into a reference to idolatry, sexual immorality. It may have sexual, licentious overtones (Shemot 32:6) or even murder; some rabbinic sources claim that Sarah worried that Yishmael would negatively influence Yitzchak, or that he would demand Yitzchak's inheritance on the grounds of being the firstborn. Regarding the word "Mitzachek" (again in Gen. 21:9) The Jewish Study Bible by Oxford University Press says this word in this particular context is associated with; "Playing is another pun on Yitzchak's name (cf. 17.17; 18.12; 19.14; 26.8). Yishmael was 'Yitzchaking', or 'taking Yitzchak's place'."

Also others take a more positive view, emphasizing Hagar's piety, noting that she was "the one who had sat by the well and besought him who is the life of the worlds, saying 'look upon my misery'".