Torah / תורה / Moshe 5:

Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 3

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Yisrael Defeats Og

3:1 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to milchamah (war): at Edrei.

3:2 And ADONAI (יהוה) said to me:

"Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into your hand; and you shall do to him as you didst to Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.

3:3 So ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu delivered into our hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people: and we smote him until none was left to him remaining.

3:4 And we took all his cities at that time, there was not a city which we took not from them, sixty cities, all the region of Argov, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

3:5 All these cities [were] fenced with high walls, Sha'ar, and bars; beside unwalled towns a great many.

3:6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying the men, women, and children, of every city.

3:7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the cities, we took for a plundered for ourselves.

3:8 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that [was] on this side Yarden, from the river of Arnon to mount Hermon;

3:9 ([Which] Hermon the Sidonians call Siryon; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)

3:10 All the cities of the Arabah (plain), and all Gilead, and all Bashan, to Salchah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.

3:11 (For only Og king of Bashan was the last survivor of the remnant of Refayim (giants); Behold, his bedstead was an iron bedstead; it is in Rabbat of sons of Ammon. Its length  was nine cubits and it width four cubits by ordinary cubit.) (thirteen and a half by six feet)

3:12 And this land, [which] we yaresh (possessed) at that time, from Aroer, which [is] by the river Arnon, and half mount Gil'ad, and the cities thereof, gave I to the Reuvenites and to the Gadites.

3:13 And the rest of Gil'ad, and all Bashan, [being] the kingdom of Og, gave I to the half shevet Menasheh; all the region of Argov, b'kol Bashan, which was called the land Refayim (giants).

3:14 Yair Ben Menasheh took all the country of Argov to the coasts of Geshuri and Maachasi; and called them after his own name, Bashan-havot-Yair, to this day.

3:15 (vii) Taking the inheritance

And I gave Gil'ad to Machir.

3:16 And to the Reuvenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gil'ad even to the river Arnon half the valley, and the border even to the River Yabbok, [which is] the border of children of Ammon;

3:17 The Arabah (plain) also, and Yarden, and the coast [thereof], from Chineret even to the sea of the Arabah , [even] the salt sea, under Ashdot-pisgah eastward.


Vaatsav etkhem baet hahiv lemor:

ADONAI Eloheikhem natan lakhem et-haland hazot lerishtah khalutzim taavru lifnei akheikhem Benei-Yisrael kol-benei-khayil:

And I commanded you at that time, saying:

"ADONAI (יהוה) your Elohim has given you this land to possess it: All you men of valor shall cross over armed  before your brethren, the children of Yisra'el.

3:19 But your wives, and your little ones, and your cattle, ([for] I know that you have much cattle,) shall abide in your cities which I have given you;

3:20(Maftir) Warfare - Led by Elohim

Until ADONAI (יהוה) have given rest to your brethren, as well as to you, and [until] they also yaresh (possess) the land which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu has given them beyond Yarden: and [then] shall you return every man to his possession, which I have given you.

3:21 And I commanded Yehoshua at that time, saying:

Your eyes have seen all that ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu has done to these two kings: so shall ADONAI (יהוה) do to all the kingdoms whither you passes.

3:22 You shall not fear them: for ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu he shall fight for you.

Haftarah Devarim: Yeshayahu 1:1-27

Brit Hadashah reading: Acts 7:51-8:4 Yochanan 15:1-11; Ivrim 3:7- 4:11


Parashat Hashavuah 45

Va’etchanan ואתחנן : “And I besought” 3:23-7:11

Shabbat of consolation - 7 reading consolation

Shabbat Nachamu (Shabbath of Comforting) takes its name from the Haftarah from Sefer Yeshayahu 40:1-26 that speaks of "comforting" the Am Yehudit for their suffering. It the first of seven Haftarot of consolation leading up to the holiday of Rosh HaShanah, the Jewish New Year.

obey to this passage
Time to move on HaShem timing progressive - not stagnant

3:23 (i)

Vaetchanan el-ADONAI baet hahiv lemor:

And I besought ADONAI (יהוה) at that time, saying:

3:24 O Adon ADONAI(יהוה), you have begun to show your servant your greatness, and modecha (Your mighty) hand: for what Elohim (אלהים) [is there] in shamayim or in earth, that can do according to your works, and according to modecha (thy might)?

3:25 I pray you, let me go over, and see the good land that [is] beyond Yarden, that goodly mountain, and Levanon.

3:26 וַיִּתְעַבֵּר יְהֹוָה בִּי לְמַעַנְכֶם וְלֹא שָמַע אֵלָי וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי רַב-לָךְאַל-תּוֹסֶף דַּבֵּר אֵלַי עוֹד בַּדָּבָר הַזֶּה׃

Vayit'aber ADONAI bi lema'anchem velo shama elai vayomer ADONAI elai rav-lach al-tosef daber elai od badavar hazeh.

But ADONAI (יהוה) was wroth with me for your sakes , and would not hear me: and ADONAI (יהוה) said to me, Let it suffice you; speak no more to Me of this matter. (Numbers) 20:11-12

3:27 Get you up into the top of Pisgah (cleft, פּסגּה), and lift up your eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and hinei [it] with your eyes: for you shall not go over this Yarden. Numbers 27:12 : Numbers 21:11; 33:44, 47; Deut 32:49; Deut 3:27; 34:1

3:28 But charge Yehoshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him: for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which you shall see.

3:29 So we abode in the valley over against Beit Peor. (Deuteronomy 4:46; 34:6 Yehoshua 13:20).

Moshe was  with Yeshua at the transfiguration (metamorphoo) on the Mount

(Matt 16:28-17:13; Luke 9:27-36; 2 Pe 1:16-18)

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Tu B'Av (Hebrew: ט"ו באב, the fifteenth of the month Av) is a minor holiday in the Hebrew calendar. The fifteenth day of Av was a popular holiday during the Second Temple. The holiday celebrated the wood-offering brought in the temple.(See, Nechemyah 10:35) Josephus refers to this holday as the Feast of Xylophory ("Wood-bearing"). According to the Talmud (tractate Ta'anit, 30b-31a), Tu B'Av was a joyous holiday in the days of the Temple in Yerushalayim: Unmarried girls would dress in simple white clothing (so that rich could not be distinguished from poor) and go out to sing and dance in the vineyards surrounding Yerushalayim. The joyful day of Tu b'Av - the 15th of Av, always occurs during the week following the Shabat Torah reading of Ve'etchanan. As the "full moon" of the tragic month of Av, it is the festival of the Future Redemption,

The Penetration into Trans Yarden

Numbers 20:14 - 21:30; 33:37 - 49


Yet those who wait for ADONAI Will gain new strength; They will mount up with wings like eagles,They will run and not get tired,They will walk and not become weary. Yeshayahu 40:31;


3:27 Get you up into the top of Pisgah, and lift up your eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and hinei [it] with your eyes: for you shall not go over this Yarden.

Aleh rosh haPisgah vesa eyneycha yamah vetsafonah veteymanah umizrachah ur'eh ve'eyneycha ki-lo ta'avor et-haYarden hazeh.

Pisgah meaning cleft, sometimes by a derivative of laxeúō, “to hew” or “to dress stone” (Num_21:20; Num_23:14; Deu_3:27; Deu_4:49) Pisgah is identified with Nebo in Deu_34:1; compare Devarim 3:27. “The top of Pisgah, which looketh down upon the desert” marks a stage in the march of the host of Yisra'el (Bamidbar 21:20). Hither Balak brought Bila'am to the field of Zophim (Num_23:14). Pisgah from paṣagh, which, in new Hebrew, means “to split,” “to cut off.” This suggests a mountain the steep sides of which give it the appearance of having been “cut out.” This description applies perfectly to Jebel Nebā as viewed from the Dead Sea.

Pisgah.jpg 12-Tribe-Divisi.gif

Num 21:20, Num 23:14, Deut 3:17, Deut 3:27, Deut 4:49, Deut 34:1, Josh 12:3, Josh 13:20

Valley - Some identify this with the Avarim Mountains (Numbers 27:12; Ibn Ezra). See Numbers 21:20.

Beit Peor - This is the place where 24,000 were executed there by the plague  (Numbers 25:9) they were reminded the terror of Hashem's judgment.