Torah / תורה / Moshe  sefer 5:

Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 4

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 , 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

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Mosheh exhortation to obey the Torah

Jewish Great commission

To live out the Torah for the surrounding nations to encounter ADONAI Elohim

4:1 Veatah (Now therefore) Shema, Yisra'el, to the chukim and to the mishpatim, which I melammed (teach) you, for to do [them], that you may live, and go in and yaresh (possess) haeretz which ADONAI (יהוה) Elohim (אלהים) of your avot gives you.

4:2 You shall not add to the word which I tzavah khem (command you), neither shall you diminish [ought] from it, that you may Shomer mitzvot ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu which I tzavah khem (command you). (Revelation 22:18-19)

4:3 Your eyes have seen what ADONAI (יהוה) did because of Ba'al-Pe'or: for all the men that followed Ba'al-Pe'or, ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha has destroyed them from among you.

4:4 But you that did dabekus (cleave) to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu [are] alive every one of you this day.

4:5 (ii)

Ra'ah (See), I have taught you chukim and mishpatim, even as ADONAI (יהוה) my Elohim (אלהים) commanded me, that you should do so in haeretz whither you go to yaresh (possess) it.

4:6 Shomer therefore and do [them]; for this [is] your chokmah (wisdom) and your Binah (understanding) in the sight of the am (nations), which shall Shema all these chukim, and say, Surely this great nation [is] a wise and Binah (understanding) people.

4:7 For what nation [is there so] great, who [has] Elohim (אלהים) [so] nigh to them, as ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu [is] in all [things that] we call upon him [for]?

4:8 And what nation [is there so] great, that has chukim and mishpatim [so] righteous as all this Torah, which I set before you this day?

Revelation at Sinai / Horev

(Shemot chps 19-20, Devarim 5)

4:9 Only take heed  to yourself, and Shomer Nefeshcha diligently, lest you forget the things which your eyes have seen, and lest they depart from your heart all the days of your life: but melammed (teach) them your banim, and your banim' banim;

4:10 [Specially] the day that you stood before ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha in Horev, when ADONAI (יהוה) said to me:

"Gather me the people together, and I will make them Shema My devarim, that they may learn to fear Me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and [that] they may melammed (teach) their children."

4:11 And you came near and stood under the mountain; and the mountain burned with fire to the midst of shamayim, with darkness, clouds, and thick darkness.

4:12 And ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to you out of the midst of the fire: you heard the voice of the devarim, but saw no form; only [you heard] a voice.

4:13 And He declared to you His Brit, which he commanded you to perform, [even] ten mitzvot; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone.

4:14 And ADONAI (יהוה) commanded me at that time to melammed (teach) you chukim and mishpatim, that you might do them in haeretz whither you go over to yaresh (possess) it.

Beware of Idolatry

4:15 Take you therefore shomer me'od to yourselves; for you saw no form  on the day when ADONAI (יהוה) spoke to you in Horev out of the midst of the fire:

4:16 Lest you corrupt [yourselves], and make you a pesel (graven image), the form of any figure, the temunah (likeness, representation) of male or female,

4:17 The temunah of any beast that [is] on the earth, the temunah of any winged fowl that flieth in the air,

4:18 The temunah of any thing that creeps on the ground, the temunah of any fish that [is] in the mayim beneath the earth:

4:19 And lest you lift up your eyes to shamayim, and when you seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of shamayim, should be driven to worship them, and serve them, which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha has divided to all goyim (nations) under the whole shamayim.

4:20 But ADONAI (יהוה) has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, [even] out of Mitzrayim, to be to him a people of inheritance, as [ye are] this day.

4:21 Furthermore ADONAI (יהוה) was angry with me for your sakes, and sware that I should not go over Yarden, and that I should not go in to that good eretz, which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha gives you [for] an inheritance:

4:22 But I must die in this eretz, I must not go over Yarden: but you shall go over, and yaresh (possess) that good eretz.

4:23 Take heed to yourselves, lest you forget the Brit of ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu, which he made with you, and make you a pesel (graven image), [or] the temunah (likeness, representation) of any [thing], which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha has forbidden you

4:24 For ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha [is] a consuming fire, [even] a El Kana (jealous).

4:25 When you shall beget children, and children's children, and you shall have remained long in haeretz, and shall corrupt [yourselves], and make a pesel (graven image), [or] the temunah (likeness, representation) of any [thing], and shall do evil in the sight of ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, to provoke Him to anger:

4:26 I call shamayim and earth to witness against you this day, that you shall soon utterly perish from off  haeretz whereto you go over Yarden to yaresh (possess) it; you shall not prolong [your] days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed.

Consequence of Idolatry

4:27 And ADONAI (יהוה) shall putz (scatter) you among the goyim (nations), and you shall be left few in number among the goyim, whither ADONAI (יהוה) shall lead you.

4:28 And there you shall serve gods, the work of men's hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor Shema, nor eat, nor smell.

4:29 But if from thence you shall seek ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, you shall find [him], if you seek him b'kol your heart and b'kol your Nefesh.

4:30 When you are in tribulation, and all these things are come upon you, [even] in the archarit ha yamin(latter days), if you turn to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, and shall be shomer to His voice;

4:31 (For ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha [is] a merciful Elohim (אלהים); he will not forsake you, neither destroy you, nor forget the Brit of your avot which he sware to them.

4:32 For ask now of the days that are past, which were before you, since the day that Elohim (אלהים) created man upon the earth, and [ask] from the one side of shamayim to the other, whether there has been [any such thing] as this great thing [is], or has been heard like it?

4:33 Did [ever] people Shema the voice of Elohim (אלהים) speaking out of the midst of the fire, as you have heard, and live?

4:34 Or has Elohim (אלהים) attempt to go [and] take him a nation from the midst of [another] nation, by temptations, by otot (signs), and by mofetim (wonders), and by war, and by a yad chazaka (mighty hand), and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheinu did for you in Mitzrayim before your eyes?

4:35 to you it was showed, that you mightest know that ADONAI (יהוה) he [is] Elohim (אלהים); [there is] none else beside him.

4:36 Out of shamayim he made you to Shema His voice, that he might instruct you: and upon earth he showed you his great fire; and you heardest his devarim out of the midst of the fire.

4:37 And because he loved your avot, therefore he chose their seed after them, and brought you out in his sight with his mighty power out of Mitzrayim;

4:38 To drive out goyim (nations) from before you greater and mightier than you [art], to bring you in, to give you their eretz [for] an inheritance, as [it is] this day.

4:39 Know therefore this day, and consider [it] in l'vavcha, that ADONAI (יהוה) he [is] Elohim (אלהים) in shamayim above, and upon the earth beneath: [there is] none else.

4:40 You shall Shomer therefore his chukim, and his mitzvot, which I tzavah you this day, that it may go well with you, and with your banim after you, and that you may prolong [thy] days upon the earth, which ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha gives you, for ever.

Cities of Refuge East of Yarden


Then Moshe (משׁה) severed three cities on this side Yarden toward the sunrising;

4:42 That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing to one of these cities he might live:

4:43 [Namely], Bezer in the midbar, in the Aravah (plain) country, of the Reubeni; and Ramoth in Gil'ad, of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, of the Menashshi.

4:44 siddur

וְזֹ֖את הַתּוֹרָ֑ה אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֣ם מֹשֶׁ֔ה לִפְנֵ֖י בְּנֵ֥י יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃

Vezot haTorah; asher-sam Moshe, lifnei benei Yisra'el.

And this is the Torah which Moshe (משׁה) set before benai Yisrael:

4:45 These [are] the edot, and the chukim, and the mishpatim, which Moshe (משׁה) spoke to benai Yisra'el, after they came forth out of Mitzrayim,

4:46 On this side Yarden, in the valley over against Beit Peor, in haeretz Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moshe (משׁה) and benai Yisra'el smote, after they were come forth out of Mitzrayim:

4:47 And they yaresh (possessed) his eretz, and haeretz Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which [were] on this side Yarden toward the sunrising;

4:48 From Aroer, which [is] by the bank of the river Arnon, even to mount Sion, which [is] Hermon,

4:49 And all the Aravah on this side Yarden eastward, even to the sea of the Aravah (plain), under the springs of Pisgah.

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 , 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34

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Important Key words

Ra'ah - see observe, consider, give attention to; behold - Devarim 11:26

Zakar - Remember, recall; keep in mind, think of, call to mind - Chps 32:7)

Shomer - Diligently, keep, be on one's guard, take heed be careful - 4:9

Dabek - Hold fast; cling on to, dabekus (cleave) to; remain with or close to, stay near - Chapter 10:20

Ahav - love, be devoted; be committed - 6:5)

Yare or Tira'et - fear , revere stand in awe of honor - 5:29

Ahad - to serve, work for; perform acts for as a subject - 6:13

Ramoth Gilead (Walking in Their Sandals)- One of three cities of refuge set apart for the transYarden trible was apportioned to the tribe of Gad (Devarim 4:43; Yehoshua 20:8; 21:38; 1 Chronicles 6:80). The Hebrew Ramoth means "Height or "Knolls" and Gilead Galdi meaning is an elevated region extending between Heshvon and Bashan, divided by the Yabbok River and heavily wooded during the Biblical period. The status of Ramot in Gilead during the period of the conquest is not directly indicated

see with your own eyes

About Ba'al Peor - rw[p l[b = "lord of the gap" found in four books The Moavite god who appears both as a male sun-god and a female moon-goddess. His name means "lord of Peor", referring to Mount Peor on the left bank of the river Yarden, the center of his cult. Last couple Torah reading the plague, the theory of baal worship as much in similar terminology of the Yisraelites

Nu 25:3   And Yisra'el joined himself to Ba'al Peor: and the anger of ADONAI was kindled against Yisra'el.
Nu 25:5   And Moshe said to the judges of Yisra'el, Slay you every one his men that were joined to Baal Peor.
24,000 were executed there by the plague  (Numbers 25:9)
IIIn the coming Torah studies we are reminded again
Devarim 4:3   Your eyes have seen what ADONAI did because of Ba'al Peor: for all the men that followed Ba'al Peor, ADONAI  Eloheicha has destroyed them from among you.

Tehillim 106:28-31   They joined themselves also to Baal Peor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead. Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them. Then stood up Pinhas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed. And that was counted to him for righteousness to all generations for evermore.(Tehillim 106 a reminder list of iniquities of benai Yisrael)

Hoshea 9:10   I found Yisra'el like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the Bikurah in the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Baal Peor, and separated themselves to that shame; and their abominations were according as they loved.

Peor became a by word for shame along with ba'al, which is best translated as shame in Hoshea. Evidently, the name refers to a Moavite mountain. It was one of the places from which Bila'am blessed Yisra'el (Badmibar 23:28).

Baal-peor - Beit Peor map using the

Map of Baal-peor

Devarim 3:29, Devarim 4:46, Devarim 34:6, Yehoshua 13:20