Torah / תורה / Mosheh 5:

Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 14

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Tahor and Tamei Foods (1-21)

14:1 (iv) Be Set Apart to Elohim


בנים אתם ליהוה אלהיכם לא תתגדדו ולא־תשׂימו קרחה בין עיניכם למת׃

Banim atem laAdonai eloheichem lotitgoddu velo-tasimu karcha bein eineichem lamet:

"You are the sons of Adonai  your Elohim; you shall not cut yourselves or make any baldness on your foreheads for the dead.

14:2 For you are a set apart people to Adonai  Eloheicha, and Adonai has chosen you to be a people for Himself, a special treasure above all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

14:3 "You shall not eat any to'evah (detestable thing).

14:4 These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,

14:5 The ayal (stag male deer hart), and the gazelle, and the fallow deer, and the wild goat, and the antelope, and the wild ox, and the chamois (gazelle, zemer).

14:6 “And every beast that has a split hoof divided in two, chewing the cud, among the beasts, you do eat.

14:7 [n172N6]“But of those chewing the cud or those having a split hoof completely divided, you do not eat, such as these: the camel, and the hare, and the rabbit, for they chew the cud but do not have a split hoof, they are unclean for you.

14:8 Also the swine is unclean for you, because it has cloven hooves, yet does not chew the cud; you shall not eat their flesh or touch their dead carcasses.

14:9  "These you may eat of all that are in the waters: you may eat all that have fins and scales.

14:10 And whatever does not have fins and scales you shall not eat; it is tamei (unclean) for you.

14:11"All tahorah (clean) birds you may eat.

14:12 But these are the ones that you shall not eat: the eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture,

14:13 kites, any kind of buzzard,

14:14 every raven of any kind;

14:15 and the ostrich, and the nighthawk, and the seagull, and the hawk after their kinds,

14:16 the little owl, and the great owl, and the white owl,

14:17 and the pelican, and the carrion vulture, and the fisher owl,

14:18 and the stork, and the heron after its kind, and the hoopoe and the bat.

14:19 [n182]And every creeping thing that flies [is] tamei to you: they shall not be eaten.

14:20 [But of] all tahor fowls you may eat.

14:21 [n180] You shall not eat [of] any thing that dies of itself: you shall give it to the stranger that [is] in your gates, that he may eat it; or you may sell it to a foreigner: for you are set apart people to Adonai  Eloheicha. "You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk.

14:22 (v) Tithe Annually

You shall truly tithe all the increase of your seed, that the field brings forth year by year.

14:23 And you shall eat before Adonai  Eloheicha, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of your corn, of your wine, and of your oil, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks; that you may learn to fear Adonai  Eloheicha always.

14:24 And if the way be too long for you, so that you are not able to carry it; [or] if the place be too far from you, which Adonai Eloheicha shall choose to set His Name there, when Adonai  Eloheicha has blessed you:

14:25 Then shall you turn [it] into money, and bind up the money in your hand, and shall go to the place which Adonai  Eloheicha shall choose:

14:26 And you shall bestow that money for whatsoever your soul lusts after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever your soul desires: and you shall eat there before Adonai Eloheicha, and you shall rejoice, you, and your household,

14:27 And the Leviim that [is] within your she'arim; you shall not forsake him; for he has no part nor inheritance with you.

14:28 At the end of three years you shall bring forth all the tithe of your increase the same year, and shall lay [it] up within your she'arim:

14:29 And the Levite, (because he has no part nor inheritance with you,) and the stranger, and the orphans, and the widow, which [are] within your she'arim, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that Adonai Eloheicha may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.

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Do not cut yourselves nor shave the front of your head for the dead

acknowledgement of the divinity of the latter and as the mourners’ consecration to them, is implied in the reason given in Dvarim 14:2 for Israel’s abstention from such things. Adonai’s people are set apart and sacred to Himself alone. Hence, too, the inclusion of this law among those against the worship of strange gods. Moreover Yemiyahu 16:6-8

16:6  “Both great and small shall die in this land. They shall not be buried, and no one shall lament for them, or cut themselves, or make themselves bald for them.

16:7  “Neither shall they break bread in mourning for them to comfort them for the dead, nor give them the cup of comfort to drink for their father or their mother.

16:8  “Do not enter the house of feasting to sit with them, to eat and drink.”

Go to Leviticus 11 / Vayikra 11

[n180] Talmud connection: Shabbat 130a; Nazir 50a; Kiddushin 56b Nazarean Codicil Connections: Act 15:20,29; 21:25 [these verses apply since proper slaughter has not been conducted and blood would still remain in the flesh of the animal].

In order for an animal to be kosher it must have two identification signs:

(1) it has split hooves, significant hooves are use for moving around associate with our walk, split represent set apart, our live must be the distinguish between the set apart and the profane.

(2) it chews its cud (regurgitates its food partially digested in the stomach).  associate with the spiritual food must be meditate with understanding and word of Elohim manifested in our lives, Rightly dividing the word of truth.II Timothy 2:15 also be careful with what we take in.

You shall not boil a young goat in its mother's milk

In the 1950s, a guy named Ras Shamra unearthed tablets which may describe a Ugaritic pagan ritual of a kid being cooked in milk.It now is known, however, that boiling a kid in milk to appease certain deities was a common Canaanite ritual. A Ugaritic text says: “Over the fire seven times the sacrificers cook a kid in milk...” see the report

Mixtures of milk and meat (Hebrew: בשר בחלב‎‎, basar bechalav, literally "meat in milk") are prohibited according to Jewish law.
This dietary law, basic to kashrut, is based on two verses in the sefer Shemot 23:19 and Shemot 34:26, which forbid "boiling a (kid) goat in its mother's milk" and a third repetition of this prohibition in Devarim 14:21.

According to the Talmud, these three almost identical references are the basis for three distinct dietary laws:

  • the prohibition against cooking a mixture of milk and meat
  • the prohibition against eating a cooked mixture of milk and meat
  • the prohibition against deriving any benefit from a cooked mixture of milk and meat.

    General Rules

    Alyough the details of kashrut are extensive, the laws all derive from a few fairly simple, straightforward rules:

    Certain animals may not be eaten at all. This restriction includes the flesh, organs, eggs and milk of the forbidden animals.

    Of the animals that may be eaten, the birds and mammals must be killed in accordance with Jewish law.

    All blood must be drained from the meat or broiled out of it before it is eaten.

    Certain parts of permitted animals may not be eaten.

    Meat (the flesh of birds and mammals) cannot be eaten with dairy. Fish, eggs, fruits, vegetables and grains can be eaten with either meat or dairy. (According to some views, fish may not be eaten with meat).

    Utensils that have come into contact with meat may not be used with dairy, and vice versa. Utensils that have come into contact with non-kosher food may not be used with kosher food. This applies only where the contact occurred while the food was hot.

    Grape products made by non-Jews may not be eaten.

    Kosher Product list in Singapore Supermarket

    Learn more about Scale and non-scale fish

    Studies on Kosher:

    CRC Kosher Lists


    Hanefesh: kosher Symbols and Food Guidance

    A buzzard is one of several large birds: vs 13

    Common buzzard (Buteo buteo)
    Red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
    Long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus)
    Rough-legged buzzard (Buteo lagopus)
    Ferruginous hawk (Buteo regalis)
    Red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus)
    Broad-winged hawk (Buteo platypterus )
    Swainson's hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
    Roadside hawk (Buteo magnirostris)
    Ridgway's hawk (Buteo ridgwayi)
    White-rumped hawk (Buteo leucorrhous)
    Short-tailed hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
    White-throated hawk (Buteo albigula)
    White-tailed hawk (Buteo albicaudatus)
    Galápagos hawk (Buteo galapagoensis)
    Red-backed hawk (Buteo polyosoma)
    Puna hawk (Buteo poecilochrous)
    Gray hawk (Buteo nitidus)
    Zone-tailed hawk (Buteo albonotatus )
    Hawaiian hawk (Buteo solitarius)
    Rufous-tailed hawk (Buteo ventralis)
    Mountain buzzard (Buteo oreophilus)
    Madagascar buzzard (Buteo brachypterus)
    Upland buzzard (Buteo hemilasius)
    Red-necked buzzard (Buteo auguralis)
    Augur buzzard, Buteo augur
    Archer's buzzard, Buteo archeri
    Jackal buzzard (Buteo rufofuscus)
    Other species known as "buzzard"
    Black-breasted buzzard (Hamirostra melanosternon)
    Lizard buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus)
    Grasshopper buzzard (Butastur rufipennis)
    White-eyed buzzard (Butastur teesa)
    Rufous-winged buzzard (Butastur liventer)
    Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus)
    Black-chested buzzard-eagle (Geranoaetus melanoleucus)
    The honey-buzzards, genus Pernis, superficially resemble Buteo buzzards, hence the name, but are specialist feeders on wasp nests and larvae.
    European or Eurasian honey buzzard (Pernis apivorus)
    Crested honey buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus)
    Barred honey buzzard (Pernis celebensis)
    Two other species of honey-buzzards, genus Henicopernis are:
    Black honey buzzard (Henicopernis infuscatus)
    Long-tailed honey buzzard (Henicopernis longicauda)