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Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 22

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Do not be ignore / hide yourself the needs of others

22:1 lo-tireh et-shor akhikha ao et-seyo nidakhim vehitalamta mehem hashev teshivem leakhikha:

"You shall not see your brother's ox or his sheep going astray and ignore them. You shall take them back to your brother.

22:2 And if he does not live near you and you do not know who he is, you shall bring it home to your house, and it shall stay with you until your brother seeks it. Then you shall restore it to him.

22:3 And you shall do the same with his donkey or with his garment, or with any lost thing of your brother's, which he loses and you find; you may not ignore it.

22:4 You shall not see your brother's donkey or his ox fallen down by the way and ignore them. You shall help him to lift them up again.


22:5 The woman shall not wear that which pertains to a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so [are] to'avat (abomination) to ADONAI (יהוה) your Elohim (אלהים).

Mitzvah of Shiluach HaKan.

22:6   כִּי יִקָּרֵא קַן-צִפּוֹר לְפָנֶיךָ בַּדֶּרֶךְ בְּכׇל-עֵץאוֹ עַל-הָאָרֶץ אֶפְרֹחִים אוֹ בֵיצִים וְהָאֵם רֹבֶצֶתעַל-הָאֶפְרֹחִים אוֹ עַל-הַבֵּיצִים לֹא-תִקַּח הָאֵםעַל-הַבָּנִים׃

Ki yikarei kan-tzipor lefaneicha baderech bechol-'etz o al-ha'aretz efrochim o veitzim veha'em rovetzet al-ha'efrochim o al-habeitzim lo-tikach ha'em al-habanim.

If a bird's nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the mother bird sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, but thou shall not take the mother bird with the young:

22:7  שַלֵּחַ תְּשַלַּח אֶת-הָאֵם וְאֶת-הַבָּנִים תִּקַּח-לָךְלְמַעַן יִיטַב לָךְ וְהַאֲרַכְתָּ יָמִים׃

Shaleach teshalach et-ha'em ve'et-habanim tikach-lach lema'an yitav lach veha'arachta yamim.

[But] you shall in any wise let the mother bird go, and take the young to you; that it may be well with you, and [that] you may prolong [your] yamin.

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22:8 (iii) Unwholesome behavior

When you buildest a new house, then you shall make a maakeh (parapet) for your roof, that you bring not blood upon your house, if any man fall from thence.

22:9 You shall not sow your kerem (vineyard) with divers seeds: lest the fruit of your seed which you have sown, and the fruit of your kerem (vineyard), be defiled.

22:10 You shall not plow with an ox and an ass together.

22:11 You shall not wear a garment of divers sorts, [as] of woollen and linen together.

22:12 You shall make you fringes upon the four quarters of your vesture, wherewith you coverest [yourself].

Marriage violations (22:13-30)

22:13 If any man take a wife, and go in to her, and hate her,

22:14 And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid:

22:15 Then shall the avi of the na'arah (young lady), and her mother, take and bring forth [the tokens of] the na'arah (young lady)'s betulah (virgin) to the zekenim (elders) of the city in the gate:

22:16 And the na'arah (young lady)'s avi shall say to the zekenim, I gave my daughter to this man to wife, and he hates her;

22:17 And, behold, he has given occasions of speech against her, saying, I found not your daughter a maid; and yet these are the tokens of my daughter's betulah . And they shall spread the cloth before the zekenim of the city.

22:18 And the zekenim of that city shall take that man and chastise him;

22:19 And they shall amerce him in a hundred shekels of silver, and give them to the avi of the na'arah (young lady), because he has brought up an evil name upon a betulah (virgin) of Yisra'el: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his yamin.

22:20 But if this thing be true, and the tokens of betulah (virgin) be not found for the na'arah (young lady):

Cf Yochanan 8 The Woman Taken in ni'uf (adultery)

22:21 Then they shall bring out the na'arah (young lady) to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she has wrought folly in Yisra'el, to play the whore in her father's house: so shall you put evil away from among you.

22:22 If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, [both] the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shall you put away evil from Yisra'el.

22:23 If a na'arah (young lady) that is a betulah (virgin) be betrothed to an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;

22:24 Then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them with stones that they die; the na'arah (young lady), because she cried not, [being] in the city; and the man, because he has humbled his neighbour's wife: so you shall put away evil from among you.

22:25 But if a man find a betrothed na'arah (young lady) in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die:

22:26 But to the na'arah (young lady) you shall do nothing; there is in the na'arah (young lady) no sin worthy of death: for as when a man rises against his neighbour, and slays him, even so is this matter:

22:27 For he found her in the field, and the betrothed na'arah (young lady) cried, and there was none to save her.

22:28 If a man find a na'arah (young lady) [that is] a betulah (virgin), which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give to the na'arah (young lady)'s avi fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he has humbled her, he may not put her away all his yamin.

22:30 (23:1)

A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.

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Deu 22:1-4  

(2) A fellow Israelite’s livestock.

- a concrete expression of the eternal moral principle to “love your neighbor as yourself” (Lev_19:18), and

- to “do to others what you would have them do to you” (Mat_7:12).

- natural tendency to ignore it because of the extra time and labor involved in restoring it. If the animal’s owner lived far away or was unknown, the finder could take it home till the owner came looking for it. The same was true of a lost cloak and other items that were found.

The same principle was to be applied in the case of a fallen animal (Devarim 22:4). Today this law would apply in any circumstance where a believer is tempted “not to get involved” with someone else’s needs (cf., e.g., Yaakov 2:15-16; 1 Yn 3:17).

Deu 22:5  

(3) Transvestism.

The adoption of clothing of the opposite sex was forbidden because it obscured the distinction of the sexes and thus violated an essential part of the created order of life (Beresheet 1:27). It was also perhaps associated with or promoted homosexuality. The same Hebrew word translated detests (toebah, lit., “a detestable thing”;  “an abomination”) is used to describe Hashem’s view of homosexuality (Lev_18:22; Lev_20:13). Also some evidence exists that transvestism may have been connected with the worship of pagan deities. Since this law was related to the divine order of Creation and since Hashem detests anyone who does this, believers today also ought to heed this command.

Deu 22:6-7  

(4) Birds in the nest. - Mitzvah of Shiluach haKan

Gen 8:17, Gen 32:11; Lev 22:28; Prov 12:10; Hosea 10:14

What exactly is the ractionale for this mitzvah

- The BIRD’S NEST in Hebrew is קן ציפור (KAN TZIPOR). ציפור = ישוע = 386  

What do we learn from all the above Gimatriyah?

Then the Messiah will arise the Garden of Eden from that place which is call the Bird- nest -

We learn that the Soul of Messiah within this Nest (Kan), sees those things that need to be corrected (l’TaKein). The Zohar says: “He sees Rachel [ie. the Sefirah of Malkhut, the Shekhina exiled], but she does not want to be comforted… the Messiah raises his voice and weeps, and the whole Garden of Eden trembles…. And the Blessed Holy One swears to them to eliminate the wicked kingdom from the world and to avenge Israel” (Zohar 2:8a). 

The Midrash says Messiah will be born in Beit Lechem (Eikha Rabbah 1:51, cf. Micah 5:2) – since this is the place where Rachel was buried (Gn 35:19); as indicating that Messiah will bring Unity between the Creator and His Nest, bringing Rachel (ie. the Shekhina) out of exile, thus comforting her read more Zohar 2:8a-b Soncino

MattitYahu 2:18; Yirmeyahu 31:15

“A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and refusing consolation, because they are no more.”

Mattityahu 23:37  Picture Himself as Tzipor "Yerushalayim! Yerushalayim! You kill the prophets! You stone those who are sent to you! How often I wanted to gather your children, just as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, but you refused!

Reject Mashiach = She was mention 3 times-->Tzipporah the rejected wife shallechah (שַׁלְּחָהּ) = send her away.

- Ethical abhorrent, over consumption of Species

- One who look at the reward to come - long life similar Kibud Av V'eim - honoring your mother and father.

- Honoring of motherhood the mother bird will do anything to protect her young

- we are not to descrate the role of motherhood.

- This two verse is related to Beresheet 32:12 Yaakov meeting Esav - bring  along 400 war men, overpower

- Esav has fulfill this command Mitzvah of Shiluach hakan, Esav got the reward first a long life robust nation - Gen 36:31, Esav has honor by not descrate of motherhood.

- teaching the Israelites to protect this food source. By letting the mother bird go they could anticipate the production of more young in the future. Obeying this stipulation, like obeying many others, would result in blessing (it will go well with you; cf. Devarim 4:40; Devarim 5:16; Devarim 6:3, Devarim 6:18; Devarim 12:25, Devarim 12:28; Devarim 19:13).

Deu 22:8  

(5) A parapet.

Maakeh, parapet, battlement - A building parapet consists of a dwarf wall along the edge of a roof, or round a lead flat, terrace walk, etc., to prevent persons from falling over, and as a protection to the defenders in case of a siege. The mitzva of maakeh, putting a fence around the roof of a home, the owner are responsible for the safety , he is obligated to make sure there is a fence around the roof, to prevent the danger of someone falling off it

The roof of a house in the ancient Near East was used for a variety of purposes. Making a parapet on one’s roof would help prevent someone from falling from the roof. This then was an opportunity to “love your neighbor as yourself” (Lev_19:18) by being concerned about his safety. It also emphasized again the value of human life.

Deu 22:9-11  

(6) Prohibition against mixtures.

The reason for these prohibitions against

- planting two kinds of seed in a field,

- yoking together an ox and a donkey for plowing, and

- weaving wool and linen… together

- a symbolic function in teaching the Israelites something about the created order.

- the mixtures mentioned in these verses may reflect certain pagan cultic practices.