Torah / תורה / Mosheh 5:

Devarim / דברים

Deuteronomy / 申命纪 Chapter 23

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Exclusion from the assembly of Adonay (Deu_23:1-8).

23:1 (23:2) clipbrd.gif  

Lo-yavo fetzua-dakah ukherut shafkha bikhal ADONAI:

No one wounded crushed or whose member is cut off does enter the assembly of ADONAI (יהוה).

23:2 (23:3) A mamzer (illegitimate birth) shall not enter into the kahal ADONAI (יהוה); even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the kahal ADONAI (יהוה).

23:3 (23:4) An Amoni or Moavi shall not enter into the kahal ADONAI (יהוה); even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the kahal ADONAI (יהוה) le olam va ed:

23:4 (23:5) Because they met you not with lechem and with mayim in the way, when you came forth out of Mitzrayim; and because they hired against you Bila'am Ben Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you.

23:5(23:6) Nevertheless ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha would not listen to Bila'am; but ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha turned the curse into a blessing to you, because ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha loved you.

23:6(23:7) You shall not seek their peace or their prosperity all your days forever.

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23:7(23:8)(iv) Sins of the fathers

you shall not abhor an Edomite; for he [is] your brother:

you shall not abhor a Mitzrite; because you wast a stranger in his eretz.

23:8(23:9) The children that are begotten of them shall enter into the kahal ADONAI (יהוה) in their third generation.

23:9(23:10) When the host goeth forth against your enemies, then keep you from every wicked thing.

23:10(23:11) If there be among you any man, that is tahor by reason of nocturnal emission that chanceth him by night, then shall he go abroad out of the camp, he shall not come within the camp:

23:11(23:12) But it shall be, when evening comes on, he shall wash [himself] with mayim: and when the sun is down, he shall come into the camp [again].

23:12(23:13) you shall have a place also wiyout the camp, whither you shall go forth abroad:

23:13(23:14) [p193j]

And you shall have a paddle upon your weapon; and it shall be, when you wilt ease yourself abroad, you shall dig therewith, and [p192j] shall turn back and cover that which comes from you

23:14(23:15) For ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha walketh in the midst of your camp, to deliver you, and to give up your enemies before you; therefore shall your camp be kadosh: that he see no ervat davar (disgusting, indecent behavior) in you, and turn away from you.

Various laws

23:15(23:16) you shall not deliver to his master the eved which is escaped from his master to you

23:16(23:17) He shall dwell with you, [even] among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of your she'arim (gates), where it liketh him best: you shall not oppress him.

23:17(23:18) There shall be no kedeshah (ritual prostitute) of the banot Yisra'el, nor a Sedomite of the benai Yisra'el.

23:18(23:19) you shall not bring the hire of a kedeshah, or the price of a *dog, into the bayit ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha for any neder: for even both these [are] to'avat (abomination) to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha.

23:19(23:20) you shall not lend upon usury to your brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury:

23:20(23:21) to a stranger you may lend upon usury; but to thy brother you shall not lend upon usury: that ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha may bless you in all that you sets your hand to in the eretz whither you goest to possess it.

23:21(23:22) When you shall vow a neder to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, you shall not slack to pay it: for ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha will surely require it of you; and it would be sin in you.

23:22(23:23) But if you shall forbear to neder (vow), it shall be no sin in you.

23:23(23:24)

That which is gone out of your lips you shall keep and perform; [even] a terumah offering, according as you have vowed to ADONAI (יהוה) Eloheicha, which you have promised with your mouth.

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23:24(23:25) (v) Laborers

When you comes into your neighbour's vineyard, then you may eat grapes your fill at your own pleasure; but you shall not put [any] in your vessel.

23:25(23:26) When you comes into the standing corn of your neighbour, then you may pluck the ears with your hand; but you shall not move a sickle to your neighbour's standing corn.


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Various persons were barred from entering the assembly of Adonai , that is, from full rights as citizens and worshipers:

(1) a man whose reproductive organs were damaged or missing;

(2) an illegitimate person—i.e., one born out of wedlock;

(3) an Ammonite or Moabite;

(4) an Edomite or Egyptian. Verse 4 says that Moab did not "meet the Israelites with food and drink," whereas Deu_2:29 implies that certain Moabites sold food supplies to the Jews. "To meet . . . with bread and water" is an idiomatic expression meaning to give a hospitable reception. This the Moabites did not do.

The eunuch was excluded from the congregation. The illegitimate person, the Moabite, and the Ammonite were barred from the assembly . . . to the tenth generation.

The Edomite and the Egyptian could enter after three generations. However, there were exceptions to these general rules when individuals sought Adonai.

Among David's mighty men could be found both an Ammonite and a Moabite (1Chr 11:39, 1 Chr 11:46).

mamzer ממזר A masculine noun identifying an illegitimate child mixed population (figuratively)  born of a Jewish father and a heathen mother or visa versa

nocturnal emission- It refers to a man's nocturnal emission of semen during the night, which rendered him temporarily tamei (Deu_23:10).

23:18. The word  " dog" is כּלב keleḇ: A masculine noun meaning a dog, a male prostitute. of male cult prostitute (figuratively)

Mitzvah p192j, p 193 Both of these mitzvot teach us about proper disposal of human wastes.We must realize ADONAI Elohim is in the midst of our assemblies while we are at war against heavenly enemies. Thus we must keep ourselves clean.